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How to protect against Novel Coronavirus? How to prevent Novel Coronavirus infection at home?

2020-03-18

How to choose a mask?

Wearing a mask is an effective way to stop the spread of respiratory secretions. Currently, there are mainly medical protective masks (such as N95), medical-surgical masks and ordinary disposable surgical masks available on the market. In addition, there are a variety of stars on the market often worn cotton masks, sponge masks.

It is good for citizens to choose medical surgical masks for daily protection. The N95 mask is more effective in preventing disease, but it is not suitable for long-term wear due to its poor air permeability and high respiratory resistance.


How to wear a mask correctly?

When wearing the mask, the folded face will be fully expanded, the mouth, nose, chin completely covered, and then press the nose clip, so that the mask and the face completely fit.

Wash your hands before wearing the mask or avoid touching the inside of the mask while wearing it to reduce the risk of contamination. Should distinguish the inside and outside of the mask, up and down, light colour for the inside, the inside should be attached to the mouth and nose, dark side outwards; There is a metal strip (nose clip) on one end above the mask.

Mask should be changed regularly, and can not wear inside and outside inside, and you can not wear it on both sides in turn.


Is it possible not to wear a mask in places where people are not dense?

If going to a crowded place, wearing a mask is necessary because the person is much, not ventilated, and it is likely that ill original is in your surroundings. But where the population is not dense, if the environment is open, the pathogen is diluted, not enough to infect people, you can not wear a mask. But if you have a cough, fever and other symptoms, in order to prevent the infection of others, you need to wear a mask.


Masks are in short supply. Can you repeat them? Can you repeat after boiling?

Surgical masks should not be reused. In principle, the same is true for N95 respirators.

But the reality is that for ordinary people, masks are now in short supply. If there is no fever or symptoms of catarrh (runny nose, sneezing, nasal congestion, etc.), it can be used repeatedly and the number of repetitions should not exceed 5.

But we still want to emphasize the dangers of reuse. The protective effect of the mask is weakened after boiling. It is not recommended to reuse the mask in this way.

In addition to wearing masks, we emphasize washing hands frequently. After the new coronavirus through hand contact, and then to touch the nose, mouth and another mucous membrane to enter the body, through soap and flowing water washing hands for more than 20 seconds can effectively kill pathogens to play a protective role.


How to do disinfection job well in the home?

Alcohol: alcohol can denaturation and coagulate bacterial proteins. 75% of medical alcohol can be used to disinfect the skin.

Steamer: from the beginning of boiling 20 minutes to achieve the purpose of disinfection, used to disinfect tableware, clothing and wound dressing gauze.

Boil: 100 ℃ can also make the bacterial protein denaturation, disinfection and sterilization of the items need to be all immersed in the water. Suitable for tableware, some toys, bedding, etc.

Air is clean: keep indoor air clean, often ventilated change air is necessary, especially in autumn and winter weather, do not ignore because of cold ventilated.

Potassium permanganate solution: use 5‰ potassium permanganate can disinfect tableware, vegetables and fruits, soak 1 minute later with clean drinking water rinse again.

Bleach: bleach inactivates bacterial enzymes and kills them. It is an effective disinfectant. Use 1 ~ 3 % bleach in desk, chair, bed, floor, metope etc. (bleach water adds clear water), wipe with dishcloth can achieve disinfection purpose.

Disinfectant: the chlorine-containing disinfectant can be effectively sterilized and sterilized. After direct dilution, it can be sterilized and sterilized in a plastic pot, but it is necessary to pay attention to avoid food and tableware. Suitable for desks, chairs, beds, walls, floors, etc.


How to prevent new coronavirus infection at home?

Enhance health awareness, moderate exercise, early to bed and early to rise, do not stay up late can improve their immunity;

Keep good personal hygiene, cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing, wash your hands thoroughly and often, and do not touch your eyes or nose with dirty hands.

Room ventilation and keep clean and tidy;

Avoid close contact with people with respiratory symptoms as much as possible;

Avoid crowded and confined places, such as wearing masks;

Avoid contact with wild animals or livestock;

Adhere to safe eating habits, eating meat and eggs to cook;

Pay close attention to fever, cough and other symptoms, such as the occurrence of such symptoms must be timely nearby medical treatment.


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