The edible part of the artichoke flower ball contains a variety of nutrients, high protein, calcium and phosphorus content, and also contains more inulin (higher in roots). Functional compounds such as acacia and chlorogenic acids, such as polyphenols and flavonoids, are present not only in the flower ball but also in the leaves.
Artichoke leaf extract, especially the flavonoid compound, can regulate the expression of NO enzyme in human epithelial cells and promote the synthesis of NO, thereby preventing the occurrence of cardiovascular diseases. The vegetable bitterin contained in the artichoke has an anti-caries effect. In addition, artichokes can also improve bowel movements, promote contraction of the intestinal wall, and allow the material in the intestine to be transported faster, thus preventing constipation.